RMgmDB - Rodent Malaria genetically modified Parasites


Malaria parasiteP. berghei
DisruptedGene model (rodent): PBANKA_0409700; Gene model (P.falciparum): PF3D7_0311700; Gene product: plasmepsin VI (aspartyl protease)
Phenotype Oocyst; Sporozoite;
Last modified: 19 February 2009, 21:03
Successful modificationThe parasite was generated by the genetic modification
The mutant contains the following genetic modification(s) Gene disruption
Reference (PubMed-PMID number) Reference 1 (PMID number) : 18761621
MR4 number
Parent parasite used to introduce the genetic modification
Rodent Malaria ParasiteP. berghei
Parent strain/lineP. berghei ANKA
Name parent line/clone P. berghei ANKA 2.34
Other information parent lineP. berghei ANKA 2.34 is a cloned, gametocyte producer line of the ANKA strain (PubMed: PMID: 15137943).
The mutant parasite was generated by
Name PI/ResearcherA. Ecker; R.E. Sinden
Name Group/DepartmentDivision of Cell and Molecular Biology
Name InstituteImperial College
CountryUnited Kingdom
Name of the mutant parasite
RMgm numberRMgm-97
Principal name∆asp
Alternative name
Standardized name
Is the mutant parasite cloned after genetic modificationYes
Asexual blood stageNot different from wild type
Gametocyte/GameteNot different from wild type
Fertilization and ookineteNot different from wild type
OocystNormal numbers of oocysts are produced: 114% of wild type (73-151%). Sporozoite formation (sporulation) is absent in the 'mature' oocysts.
SporozoiteNo sporozoites are produced. No tramission to C57BL/6 mice by mosquito bite
Liver stageNot tested
Additional remarks phenotype

The mutant lacks expression of ASP (Plasmepsin VI, aspartyl protease)

Protein (function)
Unknown. The protein is detected in a proteome analysis of ookinetes and contains a predicted signal sequence and an aspartyl protease domain.

Phenotype analyses indicate a role during oocyst development and sporozoite formation/production (see also additional information).

Additional information
Crossing of the mutant females with wild type males did not rescue the formation/production of sporozoites. Crossing of the mutant males with wild type females resulted in wild type production of sporozoites that were infectious to C57BL/6 mice.
Crossing between other mutants have shown that wild type males can rescue defects in females that affect ookinete invasion and traversal of the midgut wall at 18-30 hours after fertilisation. The lack of rescue of the ∆asp mutant phenotype by crossing of mutant females with wild type males is suggestive of a role of ASP (Plasmepsin VI) within a few hours after fertilisation.
Evidence has been presented for translational repression of the transcript of the gene encoding ASP in the female gametocyte.

  Disrupted: Mutant parasite with a disrupted gene
Details of the target gene
Gene Model of Rodent Parasite PBANKA_0409700
Gene Model P. falciparum ortholog PF3D7_0311700
Gene productplasmepsin VI
Gene product: Alternative nameaspartyl protease
Details of the genetic modification
Inducable system usedNo
Additional remarks inducable system
Type of plasmid/construct usedPlasmid double cross-over
PlasmoGEM (Sanger) construct/vector usedNo
Modified PlasmoGEM construct/vector usedNo
Plasmid/construct map
Plasmid/construct sequence
Restriction sites to linearize plasmid
Partial or complete disruption of the genePartial
Additional remarks partial/complete disruption Gene disruption (fragment encoding C-terminal 27 amino acids retained)
Selectable marker used to select the mutant parasitetgdhfr
Promoter of the selectable markerpbdhfr
Selection (positive) procedurepyrimethamine
Selection (negative) procedureNo
Additional remarks genetic modification
Additional remarks selection procedure
Primer information: Primers used for amplification of the target sequences  Click to view information
Primer information: Primers used for amplification of the target sequences  Click to hide information
Additional information primer 1AE11a (ApaI); 5'
Additional information primer 2AE11b (HindIII); 5'
Additional information primer 3AE11c (EcoRI); 3'
Additional information primer 4AE11d (BamHI); 3'
Sequence Primer 5
Additional information primer 5
Sequence Primer 6
Additional information primer 6